Following the previous successful 1st International Conference on Nuclear Technologies and Sciences of 2015, ICONETS 2015, five research centers under the Deputy of Nuclear Energy Technology – National Nuclear Energy Agency in collaboration with Indonesia Researcher Community (Himpunan Peneliti Indonesia- Himpenindo), also supported by Universitas Hasanuddin (Hasanuddin University) organizes the second International Conference on Nuclear Technology and Sciences with theme :
“Nuclear energy for a realistic approach of the national energy security and long term sustainability”.
This conference is one of the forums which are expected to strengthen the nuclear program as well as to intensively discuss the future solution, strategy and development. This conference which is held regularly every two years, can be a melting pot of the stake holders which are concern with nuclear energy developments. The conference covers all the aspects of the fuel cycle in nuclear power plants, from policy to nuclear waste managements. This year conference is expected to involve greater regional (Asia Pacific) and international nuclear community contributions. This year, topic conference is expected to address the energy sustainability and security in the long term future by means of nuclear energy contribution. This contribution is taken for better approaches in conference theme in providing solution internationally while giving the best enforcement of Indonesia strategy program solution. In conjunction with the International Seminar, the annual national seminar, the 3th National Nuclear Energy Technology Seminar (SENTEN) are also held to enhance wide national participations as well as to disseminate the current state efforts of the Indonesia Nuclear Program.
Regarding Indonesian cases, the current government strategy to elaborate all possible energy resources in answering the future demand energy projection not only requires fossil fuel power but also the new and renewable resources. Relaying on the fossil fuel as the major contributors, as the Indonesian example to more than 60 % generation, may jeopardize future energy security and unable to guarantee the strong sustainability of energy generation frame. Following this, president of Indonesia stated that nuclear must be considered as the one of solution and cannot be floated. Addressing this direction, government of Indonesia prepares the construction of experimental power reactor to multiply the public acceptance as well as to improve the capacity building in terms of technology, industry, and human resources readiness. This strategy, learning from the other previous embarking countries, can be a certain step for the better implementation of nuclear energy in the future for the embarking countries.
Facing this reality, the development of nuclear power energy is a must and the continuous action should be consistently done to keep even to increase the national commitments in this nuclear program. Experiences said that the developing countries may shift the long terms nuclear programs if a strong supports and understanding of the ruling government and other related stake holders are not well maintained. To achieve these strong stake holder supports, the collaboration of strong research institutions, university contributions, worldwide technology provider involvements, and local industry capabilities may provide a core network to accompany national government and public in achieving the first commercial nuclear power plant in the near future. In addition, especially for the east part of Indonesia, such as in Makassar at Sulawesi Island as the conference venue, the nuclear energy can be a main part of nation energy electrification which later on drives the industrial development.